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Moldovans/Romanians in the region between the rivers Prut and Dniestr sometimes call themselves Bessarabians. The principality of Moldova was founded around 1352 by the Transylvanian ruler ( voievod ) Dragoş in what today is the Romanian region of Bucovina.
According to one legend, Dragoş successfully hunted a wild ox on the banks of the river Moldova and then chose to stay in the land, which he named after the river.
The name "Moldova" probably derives from the German Mulde , "a deep river valley with high banks." Location and Geography.
The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country between Romania and Ukraine that covers 13,199 square miles (33,845 square kilometers).
In the northern part, fertile black soil prevails and the primary crop is sugar beet.
In the central and southern zones, wine making and tobacco growing are widespread.
The temperate continental climate in the center of the country, with long warm summers, relatively mild winters, and high rainfall, is favorable for agriculture.
Since the fourteenth century, Moldovan has been the traditional name of the language spoken by the population of this region.
Jews have lived in Moldovan cities in great numbers since the early nineteenth century, but many have left.
Between 19, Moldova experienced a total migration loss of 105,000 persons.
In the eastern part of Moldova, which became the Russian province of Bessarabia in 1812, the language continued to be called Moldovan and the Cyrillic alphabet was used until Bessarabia joined the Romanian kingdom in 1918.
After the Soviet annexation of Bessarabia in 1940–1944, the Cyrillic alphabet was reintroduced.Intensive Russification and a policy aimed at showing that Moldovan and Romanian were different languages led to a deterioration in the "purity" of the language spoken by the majority of the population.